What is Scoliosis?

Types of Scoliosis Medical Anatomical Vector Illustration Diagram with Spine Curvatures Compared with Healthy Back Bone.

Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The normal shape of a person’s spine includes a curve at the top of the shoulder and a curve at the lower back. If your spine is curved from side to side or in an “S” or “C” shape, you might have scoliosis.

What causes Scoliosis? 

The cause of scoliosis often can’t be determined. Common causes that doctors may identify include:

  • Muscular Dystrophy, a group of genetic disorders that result in muscle weakness
  • Cerebral Palsy, a group of nervous system disorders that affect movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking
  • Birth defects that affect an infant’s spinal bones, such as spina bifida
  • Spinal injuries or infections

Treatment of scoliosis is based on the severity of the curve and the chances of the curve getting worse. Certain types of scoliosis have a greater chance of getting worse, so the type of scoliosis also helps to determine the proper treatment. It’s important for you to discuss with your doctor on the treatment available to help treat your scoliosis!


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